HISTORY OF FOOTBALL, ABOUT FOOTBALL – LEARN MORE BY VIMAL THILAK
Football is world’s favorite game. It’s called soccer in the United States and Canada.
It is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players each with a spherical ball. It is Played in 200 countries. The game is played on a rectangular field with a goal at each end of the pitch. The object of the game is to score at the opposite Goal end.
Players are not allowed to touch the ball with their hands or arms while it is in play, goalkeepers can use their hands and they guard the goal by not letting the goal at their post end. The team with the higher goal than the opponent is the winner. If at the end of the time, the score is level then either a draw is called or the game runs into extra time or a penalty shootout depending on the format of the competition. The match is officiated by 4 referees. 2 linesmen at each half of the pitch to decide on the offside and foul committed and one field referee who runs on the field. The other is the one who initiates and monitors the extra time of the play and who initiates the substitution
A standard adult football match consists of two half’s of 45 minutes each, known as halves. Each half is played continuously; the clock is not stopped when the ball is out of play. There is generally a 15-minute half-time break between halves. The end of the match is known as full-time. The referee is the official timekeeper for the whole match.
Football History spans more than 100 years. It was started in 1863 in England. Although it was initially a popular peasant game, over a period it has become the most popular sport in the world.
Football like the sport was played in the ancient times; A kind of Football was also played in China in the second and third century BC during the period of the Han dynasty. In Japan, football-like sport can be traced to some 500 to 600 yrs.
In Greece dating back, some 700-800 years. It is believed that the Romans had taken the sport to other countries including England.
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