Speaking about the Ceramics, and people start thinking about chinaware, pottery and handcrafting. The historical background of the ceramics is back to 10,000 years. Ceramics were used abundantly in the past. However, it has not left its consistency in the present yet. Ceramics are still playing its role in the modern revolution. Ceramics has not lost its significance in the current era. Instead, it has made its proper place in different market industries. If you have a serious glimpse into your surroundings, starting from your home to your car vehicle, you will see that it is full of the application of ceramics in different classy ways. The traditional ceramics now have been turned into the advanced ceramics. The notable thing over here is that the conventional ceramics have not been extinct. They are still being used in various things as an essential component.
The constant development in the manufacturing process and forming techniques, which are introduced in the recent years, have been an excellent reason for the creation of the advanced ceramics. What was impossible in the past is now possible in the present. Certain types of ceramics have made the possibility of the impossibility specific and definite. The advanced ceramics provides many cost-effective, high performance and thermal resistant elements and products. Advanced ceramics and its kinds have a number of properties. Similarly, the technical ceramics properties are used to have a number of technical applications in the market. The advanced ceramic materials have been a perfect alternative to traditional ones. It has evidently replaced the traditional ceramics due to its many properties and features.
Features of the advanced ceramics:
It has exceptional properties and qualities in general. As mentioned before, it is more potent than the traditional ones. The advanced material is highly resistant to melting, bending, stretching and deterioration. It has the extreme thermal immune capacity. They are profoundly hard materials. It has vast physical stability. The advanced form has not only biocompatibility, but they are also chemically inert substances. Coming towards the electrical properties of the ceramics, it has great electrical capacity. Hence, the features are countless. Having a glimpse of the qualities and features of the developed form of the ceramics, one can simply analyse that these elements are versatile and are greatly used in mass-produced products. From the above analysis, one could divide the characters of the ceramics into following:
- Electrical characteristics
- Optical characteristics
- Physical characteristics
- Chemical characteristics
- Thermal characteristics
With the help of all the features mentioned above, ceramics are ruling in the industry.
Traditional ceramics are as old as the human race itself. Those ceramic materials which have its origin from the naturally occurring substance are known as the traditional ceramics. These naturally found the ceramic material is quartz sand and clay minerals etc. Silica is another raw material used as the traditional ceramic for making different things. A specific fused silica density is added in the formation of white wares. The natural abrasives were used to give a perfect shape to the underlying wood. Various clay vessels can be found from the Neolithic period, which verifies that ceramics were still productive 10,000 years ago. The trend of art pottery was firmly accepted by the artists of the Chine and the Middle East and then America.
The composition of traditional ceramics:
The traditional ceramics are composed of mainly three elements as mentioned above:
Difference between the two:
A sharp contrast between the two types of the ceramics is written below:
The advanced ceramics are made up of clay while the advanced ceramics are made up of oxides, nitrides, silicide, carbides and borides.
Composition of the two substances:
Traditional ceramics are merely made up of clay while the advanced type is developed from pure compounds. Therefore, the quality is decided by the purity of the component. It is why advanced ceramics are named after.
The manufacturing procedures:
The traditional ceramic can be manufactured merely from:
While the advanced ceramics are made through:
- Dry pressing
- Isotactic pressing
- Injection moulding
- Vapor deposition
The performances of the two elements:
Depending upon the features of the traditional ceramics, it has low performing qualities while the advanced form of ceramics has latest features which are responsible for the better performance of the elements.