Gujarat is also called as “Jewel of Western India” is known for its unique and rich culture. It bordered by Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Arabian Sea an is home to Gujars, who ruled the area during 700’s.
Gujarat dates back to the Indus Valley Civilization time, it contain ancient cities from Indua valley Lothal, Dholavira, and Gola Dhoro. The history provide evidence of trade ties with Egypt, Bahrain and Sumer in the Persian Gulf.
Chandragupta Maurya conquered number of places now what form the Gujarat. Emperor Ashoka, the grandson of Chandragupta Maurya order engraving of his edicts in Junagadh rock. After the Maurya Empire the Sakas controlled the region.
There was The Kshatrapa dynasty from the start of 1st century AD which was replaced by the Gupta empire. In 900s the Solanki Dynasty came into power which made Gujarat reached to its much greater extent.
Than came the Muslim Ruler Mahmud of Ghazni who invaded Gujarat, later Mughal emperor Akbar conquered it which was later acquired by Chhatrapati Shivaji.
During Independence movement Gujarat became a place of the revolts as many freedom fighters like Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi hailed from Gujarat.
Gujarat carries its own culture and tradition which is clearly visible in day to day activities of people. Fairs and festival of Gujarat are very popular and there are about 1000 festivals celebrated in Gujarat.
Gujarat have its own wedding tradition too, there marriage is performed according to Vedas which consist of prayers, invocations, and vows recited in Sanskrit. Wedding ceremony takes place in mandap and the four pillar which surround the mandap are the parents of the bride and the groom.
The ceremony is performed before a sacred fire, or agniaa, which is the eternal witness of the marriage and all vows taken.
Indo-Aryan language evolved from sanskrit Gujarati is spoken in Gujarat. Where as people of Kutch speak Kutchi while Memoni is also spoken among sindhi memons and muslims.
Gujarati have there own unique cultural dressing. The women main dress is Chaniyo & Choli, while men wear Chorno & Kediyu. The jewellery adorned by both male and female. The Gujarati outfits usually have thread work, use of beads, astragals, small patches which add creativity to Gujarati dresses.
Gujarati cuisines is one of the healthiest cuisines in India and is primarily vegetarian. A Gujarati thali consist of roti, dal, rice and sabzi with indian pickle. Gujarati dishes are dhokla, pathra, samosa, Khaman while sweet dishes are mohanthal, jalebi, doodh pak.
Gujarati Music and dance
Gujarati folk music is called as Sugam Sangeet, while the instrument used are turi, bungal, pava, ravan hattho, ektaro, and jantar. The folk dance raas-garba is very popular of Gujarat when chaniya choli is worn by women while kedia is worn by men and they dance during navratri celebrations.
Famous tourist attractions
Gujarat is one of the most popular state for tourism in India, it is popular for beautiful Great Rann of Kutch, hills of Saputara, there are many holy temples, historic capitals, wildlife sanctuaries, beaches, hill resorts to visit.