1733 - Death of French musician François Couperin, who taught and composed for the harpsichord
1878 - Cleopatra's Needle, the obelisk of Thoth imes III, is erected on London's Thames Embankment
1897 - In the Battle of Saragarhi, 21 Sikh soldiers chose to fight till death to defend their outpost from 10,000 Afghans. This was the greatest stories of sacrifice in the history of wars.
lost their lives fighting 10,000 Afghans in the battle of Saragarhi in one of the greatest stories of sacrifice in the history of wars.
1910 - The world's first policewoman is appointed by the Los Angeles Police Department: Mrs Alice Stebbin Wells was a social worker in her previous Career
1935 - American millionaire Howard Hughes achieves an aviation record, flying an aeroplane of his own design at 352.46 mph (564 kph).
1936 - British tennis champion Fred Perry beats Donald Budge in the final of the US Tennis championships to become the first non-American winner
1953 - Nikita Khrushchev is elected first secretary of the Soviet Communist Party.
1974 - Haile Selassie of Ethiopia is deposed by a military coup.
1987 - American jockey Steve Cauthen wins the St Leger on Reference Point, setting a new record for trainer Henry Cecil of 147 wins in a season.
2005 - Israel completes its withdrawal from the Gaza Strip after 38 years of occupation.