What are the Rules for the Ultimate in Photography Composition?
There are many elements that must come together to make the perfect photo. Composition is one that plays a major role.
There are certain rules that play a part in achieving the right composition. Here are a few to consider.
Fill the Frame
If you feel like your Shot will get lost against a busy background, it’s best to fill the frame. This will work especially well in portrait photography. Get in nice and close to create a sense of intimacy and avoid distractions.
Don’t Cut Off Limbs
A photo can easily be ruined by cutting off the top of a model’s head, arms, or feet. If you are taking a picture of a pet, make sure its tail is in the picture. There are times when this rule does not apply, but in most cases, it will make sense.
Understand the Rule of Thirds
The rule of thirds is based on their being a 9-box grid in your frame made up of three horizontal and vertical lines. The objects in your image should fall on the intersections. This technique will work best if you are taking a shot with multiple images or where one featured image isn’t the center of your shot. Some cameras will make the grid visible to photographers through the viewfinder. In other cases, you will need to imagine it.
Frames will draw the viewer in, so they focus on the objects in your photo. They can come in the form of bridges, arches, fences, tree branches and more. If you find these occurring in your shots, try to place your subject in such a way that allows you to make the most of them.
Take Advantage of Lead Lines and Shapes
If you look at your shot, it’s likely you will find shapes and Lead Lines. For example, if there is a road or walkway in your picture, the lines in the road or the objects that surround it will make terrific lead lines. Shapes also help to establish lead lines. They are great for making your photo more engaging.
Find Your Focus
If your photo has a lot in it, it can confuse your viewer. You can simplify the image by focusing on one element of your shot. This will create a point of interest which will attract the viewer’s eye.
Look at the Background
If your background has a lot going on, or if it’s over or underexposed, it will detract from your subject. If you are unable to change the background of your photo, try using a wide aperture to increase depth of field. This will blur the background and bring your subject into focus.
Look for Symmetry and Patterns
Symmetry may exist naturally, or you may be able to create it. If you find a central object, center it in your shot to keep things even. If you are working at home, you can use objects that are the same or of similar size to create a sense of symmetry.
Playing around with your foreground and background will also play into the composition. It can create a sense of motion, foreboding or expansiveness. However, it’s important not to overdo it. You won’t want to include so much of a foreground or background that it’s detracting from your subject.
Composition is an integral part of any photo. Now that you know some important tips, you can work on taking your photography to the next level. What do you do to ensure your composition is spot on?
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