Violent clashes between supporters of the opponent Juan Guaido and the police in Caracas on Wednesday on the sidelines of May Day rallies, the day after the attempted failed uprising of a group of soldiers against President Nicolas Maduro.
The clashes continued for several hours near the military air base of La Carlota, where Juan Guaido had assured Tuesday to have the support of a group of soldiers.
Throwing cobblestones and Molotov cocktails, barricades burned: dozens of protesters with a covered face were facing the police, who responded with tear gas.
Sign of the concern of the international community, the United Nations warned the Venezuelan authorities against an "excessive use of force" against demonstrators.
For this May 1st, there were several thousand opponents waving flags and shouting their rejection of President Maduro in about fifteen assembly points across the capital. If the inhabitants of Caracas have come out en masse in support of Juan Guaido, the latter does not seem to have succeeded in making this day the "greatest event in the history of Venezuela".
"Yesterday, we saw soldiers recognize our interim president and we must continue to occupy the street," says Patricia Requena, 40. "I will continue to demonstrate as long as God allows me."
In the streets of Caracas, carcasses of burnt vehicles, signs of tensions the day before, were still visible.
"Tomorrow, we will accompany the proposal of rotating strike (made by the workers) to arrive at the general strike", declared in front of thousands of partisans Juan Guaido, 35, recognized as acting president by about fifty countries whose United States.
"We will continue on the street to get freedom," said the opponent, white shirt with rolled up sleeves, perched on a vehicle equipped with speakers.
In Washington, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo warned on Wednesday that "military intervention is possible, if necessary, that's what the United States will do."
In a telephone interview on Wednesday with his Russian counterpart Sergei Lavrov, Mike Pompeo accused Moscow of "destabilizing" Venezuela, and again asked Russia to stop supporting socialist President Nicolas Maduro.
Lavrov retorted that "Washington's interference in Venezuelan affairs is a flagrant violation of international law" and that "this destructive influence has nothing to do with democracy".
At the cry of "No pasaran!" (They will not pass!), The power had given an appointment to its faithful in the center of Caracas, near the presidential palace of Miraflores, to celebrate the failure of what they denounce as a "coup d'etat" ".
"We know from experience that this is neither the first nor the last time that the financial oligarchy backed by Yankee imperialism is trying to break the hopes of a people who have decided to be free." Valmore Vargas, 47, proudly claims the legacy of "our commander Hugo Chavez," who died in 2013.
On Tuesday, thousands of protesters fiercely opposed police in the streets of Caracas in support of a group of soldiers who had rallied Mr. Guaido at dawn. At least one person was killed and nearly one hundred injured, two of them shot.
The uprising was deflated as the main military leaders reaffirmed their support for socialist Nicolas Maduro.
At the end of the day on Tuesday, a group of insurgents sought asylum at the Brazilian embassy. One of the opposition figures, Leopoldo Lopez, who had been under house arrest since 2017, appeared alongside Guaido and insurgent soldiers before taking refuge in the Chilean embassy and then in Spain.
Since January 23, Venezuela, facing the worst crisis in its history with a slow economy, a wrecked currency and shortages, has indeed two "presidents".
"For the United States, (American) policy in Venezuela is very risky, there is no guarantee of success in the short or medium term, most decisions seem to be guided by misconceptions rather than a strategy." Michael Shifter of Washington-based think tank Inter-American Dialogue says Tuesday's move of Guaido to be "daring".
Also denouncing the "use of force", the Latin American and European countries of the International Contact Group (ICG) on Venezuela Wednesday reaffirmed their support for a solution "political, peaceful, democratic and led by Venezuelans to the crisis".
Some 2.7 million Venezuelans have fled the country since 2015, faced with shortages of basic necessities and medicines, according to UN figures.
The US Treasury has imposed a series of severe financial sanctions on the regime of Nicolas Maduro, described as "illegitimate". Latest: The Venezuelan oil embargo entered into force on Sunday.
In Cuba, ally of the Chavist power in Caracas, the parade of May 1 was placed Wednesday under the double sign of support for Venezuela President Maduro and opposition to US President Donald Trump who threatened the island with an embargo "total".