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Caracas expels German envoy for backing Guaido as US tightens sanctions

                             
Venezuela expelled Germany's ambassador Wednesday, hitting out at international support for opposition leader Juan Guaido as the US stepped up sanctions in a bid to force out his rival President Nicolas Maduro.

Separately, Washington called for the "immediate release" of an American journalist reported to have been detained in Caracas, an incident which could further escalate tensions between Maduro and the administration of US President Donald Trump.

The foreign ministry gave German envoy Martin Kriener 48 hours to leave for "interference" in Venezuela's internal affairs. He had greeted Guaido at Caracas airport on his return to the country on Monday.

Guaido said Kriener's expulsion will be seen "as a threat to the free world."

Kriener was among more than a dozen foreign representatives to welcome the National Assembly leader -- recognized as interim president by more than 50 countries -- but so far the only one deemed "persona non grata."

Kriener had helped to try to bring humanitarian aid to the country, Guaido said in a speech to opposition lawmakers, adding: "It seems that the Maduro regime does not forgive anyone who wants to help Venezuela."


German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas said that kicking Kriener out only "aggravates the situation."

Caracas "is sending a message to the international community that such frontal support would have consequences, but it also carries a risk," said Venezuelan analyst Mariano de Alba.

Meanwhile, Kimberly Breier, the US assistant secretary of state for hemispheric affairs, said on Twitter that the State Department was "aware of and deeply concerned" by the reports that American journalist Cody Weddle was detained.

Weddle, who has worked in Venezuela for several years as a correspondent for a variety of US media, has not been heard from since intelligence officers arrived at his home to question him on Wednesday morning, non-government organization Espacio Publico said.

- Sanctions pressure -

Washington continued to tighten the screws on its campaign of sanctions to force Maduro from power, revoking the visas of 77 people linked to the regime, including officials and their families.

"We will continue to hold all of the Maduro regime accountable until democracy and libertad (liberty) are fully restored," US Vice President Mike Pence said in a speech.

Last week, Washington revoked 49 visas from Venezuelan figures.

National Security Advisor John Bolton said the US also is putting foreign financial institutions on notice that they will face sanctions if they facilitate "illegitimate transactions that benefit Nicolas Maduro and his corrupt network."

The US is already trying to cripple Maduro's access to finances via sanctions on state oil company PDVSA and handing control to Guaido of Venezuelan bank accounts in the United States.

However, UN human rights chief Michelle Bachelet said sanctions have worsened Venezuela's crippling economic and political crisis, which has forced 2.7 million people to flee since 2015.

"Venezuela clearly illustrates the way violations of civil and political rights –- including failure to uphold fundamental freedoms, and the independence of key institutions –- can accentuate a decline of economic and social rights," said Bachelet, a former president of Chile.

"This situation has been exacerbated by sanctions," Bachelet said in her annual report to the Human Rights Council in Geneva.

- Hero's welcome -

Guaido, 35, returned home to a hero's welcome on Monday, having defied a ban on leaving the country to embark on a 10-day tour of South American allies. He remains free despite the threat of arrest by the government.


On Tuesday, a national holiday, he met public sector union leaders.

"Public sector workers have lost practically all their rights, we have no other option but to call for a civic strike," said Guaido, without giving further details.

Maduro, meanwhile, pressed his supporters to hold "anti-imperialist" marches Saturday to counter fresh protests planned by Guaido.

"Today more than ever, we are victorious against the conspiracy, against blackmail, while a crazy minority continues with their hatred," he said in his first public comments since Guaido's return.

When he returned to Caracas -- his latest challenge to Maduro's authority -- Guaido announced to tens of thousands of supporters his plans for new protests on Saturday.

He has vowed to set up a transitional government and hold new elections.

As part of his challenge to Maduro, Guaido is attempting to take control of the state bureaucracy, which he considers to have been "kidnapped" through blackmail and persecution.

Unions from the oil industry, basic services, state banks and local government took part in Tuesday's meeting, union leader Ana Yanez told AFP.

"The public administration is practically paralyzed. In the town halls, people only go to work three days a week and even then barely half the day," said Yanez.

Maduro has consistently called his own counter-demonstration every time Guaido announces a protest.

During his travels, Guaido met Pence and the leaders of Colombia, Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, Chile and Ecuador.


This post first appeared on Pugo, please read the originial post: here

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Caracas expels German envoy for backing Guaido as US tightens sanctions

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