The Matrices can be multiplied to get product matrix and also they demonstrate all other mathematical properties. The power of matrices is another mathematical property of matrix where matrix is raised to a power using an exponent. This brings another question, does the exponent laws applies to matrices or not ? what type of matrices qualifies to be raised to some power ? What about common mathematical identities that involve matrices and power of matrices.
Exponents or Power of a Number
Exponent or power is a number which tell us how many times a number should multiplied by itself. If represents a base and is its power, then its written as which means
Similarly, a Square Matrix and an integer is given, then power of is defined as product matrix obtained by multiplying by itself times.
Note that the matrix is
- a square matrix
- and is a product matrix of same order.
The exponents have their own algebra which is given as follows.
Basic Laws of Exponents
The basic laws of exponents applied to any real number and these are
We need to find out whether these laws applies to square matrices or not. Let us verify this claim with examples.
Suppose is a square matrix of order 2 x 2. Also, Therefore, both side of the equation is equal.
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