Indian History is so vast that there are many aspects that we are unaware about. History of Cooch Behar is one such subject that very few talk about. Researchers have studied cooch behar princely state in depth to reveal some very interesting aspects. From the 4th to the 12th centuries, Cooch Behar belonged to the Kamarupa Kingdom of Assam. It became a part of Kamata Kingdom in the 12th century, with its capital at Kamatapur, ruled by the Khen dynasty. The Khens ruled till about 1498 CE after which they were defeated by the Pathan Sultan of Gour – Alauddin Hussain Shah. Alauddin lost against local Bhuyan chieftains and the Ahom king Suhungmung. The powerful Koch tribe established the Koch dynasty after that. You wouldn’t find many of these facts about cooch behar state very often.
Biswa Singha was the first ruler of predecessor cooch behar princely state in 1510. His son Nara Narayan and others expanded the state and played a vital role in the history of cooch behar. Nara Narayan’s younger brother, Shukladhwaj, was a military general who contributed towards the expansion of the kingdom. He was proclaimed governor of its eastern portion.
Nara Narayan did not have a son and Raghudev became the governor after Chilarai’s death. Nara Narayan had a late child and made Raghudev as a vassal chief of Koch Hajo. Raghudev declared independence after Nara Narayan’s death in 1584. Nara Narayan’s son Lakshmi Narayan took over the kingdom which was renamed Cooch Behar. Cooch behar state shook hands with Mughal Empire and finally became a part of West Bengal. Koch Hajo rulers joined hands with Ahom kingdom and became a part of Assam. The capital of princely state of Cooch Behar town was shifted from Attharokotha to Guriahati between 1693 and 1714. The Mughals attacked Cooch Behar in 1661 and conquered it after Maharaja Pran Narayan tried to expand his kingdom. Cooch behar history also talks about the invasion of Bhutanese King between 1772 and 1773. A defence treaty was signed with the British East India Company to protect the kingdom.
Did you know about these wonderful stories of cooch behar history?